Special Interest Topics

When Moles Go Bad - How To Discover A Bad Mole BEFORE Your Dermatologist

Learn how to spot a bad mole yourself. Dr Bobby teaches the ABC's and in this case D's as well of identifying suspicious moles early. read more

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Botox Makes You Happier

Well, sort of. A recent study to be released by the University of Chicago next month has linked the local muscle paralytic botulinum toxin A to "more positive first... read more

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Diet and Skin - What Really Matters

Is your diet linked to outbreaks of acne? Can a change in what you eat help with conditions like eczema or psoriasis? Here is what we know... read more

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A Primer on Free Radicals

What are free radicals? A basic primer to the negative particles that play such a large role in the aging process... read more

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Seasonal Skin Care - How Your Regimen Should Change Throughout the Year

The various seasons present different challenges to your skin. We’ll focus on each season and the unique conditions to which your skin adapts. By anticipating climate changes, you can get your skin in top shape... read more

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Sensitive Skin - 10 Do’s and Don’ts

When it comes to sensitive skin treatments here is the essential list of ten do's and don'ts that one needs to follow.... read more

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Gray Hair

It does seem as though President Obama is graying more quickly than in years past. The normal incidence of graying hair is 34 years of age in whites and 43 in blacks. While there are several skin conditions... read more

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Ingredient Safety:  Why does it matter?

Ingredient safety in cosmetic products is not heavily regulated by state or federal government. In the 1970s, legislation was nearly enacted that would require premarket safety testing for cosmeceuticals, however... read more

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What is eczema?

Eczema simply means “inflamed skin”. Skin can become inflamed for a number of reasons, but we’ll cover the big three in this article: Contact, Atopic, and Irritant. Part of the eczema confusion stems from the fact... read more

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Skin Anatomy 101

To better understand the skin and its behavior we must first look at its component parts. The skin is composed of 3 layers: the epidermis is the outermost layer and is composed of keratinocytes... read more

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Skin Lightening

Ultraviolet exposure can lead to a number of pigment irregularities, most notably a “mottled” or speckled brown appearance to the skin. As you might expect, areas that receive more sunlight like the hands and face... read more

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The Causes of Undereye Puffiness and Dark Circles

The under-eye is THE most common area of the face that I get asked about in my practice! It seems to be everyone’s least favorite part of the aging face. In order to improve under-eye puffiness and... read more

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Laser Birthmark Removal Prices

Finding credible information about laser birthmark removal costs on the web can be hard to find. Learn more about what you're getting into before booking a professional dermatologist appointment from the experts at Bobby Buka MD! read more

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Puffy Eyes

Allergic shiners are dark circles under the eyes. People who suffer from nasal allergies may experience darkness or swelling underneath one or both eyes on a fairly constant basis. These allergic reactions can be unsightly, but they do not usually indicate a serious... read more

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Dermatologic Surgery Complications

Dermatologic surgery is often performed in an outpatient surgical suite with local anesthesia, and moderate to advanced dermatologic procedures may be done without monitoring vital signs. A sound knowledge of the common dermatologic surgery complications is essential... read more

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Neonatal and Pediatric Dermatologic Emergencies

A wide variety of neonatal and childhood dermatologic conditions can be emergencies. These may arise from genetic disorders, including those causing skin structural protein and keratin dysfunction, vascular birthmarks with... read more

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Infectious Emergencies in Dermatology

While most infections with dermatological manifestations are self-limited, there are clinical scenarios when infectious cutaneous diseases are associated with life-threatening systemic symptoms. These diseases may be difficult to diagnose, but... read more

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Drug Eruptions

Cutaneous reactions are the most frequently occurring adverse reactions to drugs. These reactions can range from mild (two-thirds of cases) to life-threatening... read more

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Histamine-Mediated Emergencies

The wheel and flare of urticaria is the pathognomonic feature of histamine-mediated cutaneous lesions. In fact, urticaria is one of the most common chief complaints encountered by dermatologists. Fortunately, their life-threatening sequelae, namely anaphylaxis and shock, are exceedingly rare. read more

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Cutaneous Emergencies in the HIV Positive Patient

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a member of the retrovirus family of enveloped RNA viruses. Retroviruses rely on an RNA-dependent DNA polymerase (reverse transcriptase) for their replication1. HIV is the... read more

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Graft-Versus-Host Disease

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a multisystem disorder combining features of both autoimmunity and immunodeficiency. It is a common and serious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and rarely solid organ transplantation, transfusion, and donor lymphocyte infusion. read more

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Erythroderma

Erythroderma (exfoliative dermatitis) is a clinical syndrome characterized by extensive erythema involving greater than 90 percent of the skin surface. It may be the result of many different dermatological conditions including preexisting dermatoses, drug reactions and malignancy. read more

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Vesiculobullous Dermatoses

The vesicobullous diseases in dermatology are numerous and quite distinct from one another; the unifying feature, intuitively, is the histologic feature of separation either intraepidermally or subepidermally. Vesicobullous diseases can be mediated through infections, allergic causes, physical insults, or may occur as a result of autoimmune and hereditary disorders. read more

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Vasculitis

Vasculitis is defined as inflammation of blood vessel walls. There are many types of vasculitis, lending to its variable clinical presentation, with or without systemic involvement. read more

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Skin Manifestations of Internal Disease

As the largest organ in the body, the skin may reveal the first manifestations of internal disease. The astute clinician can often use dermatologic findings to diagnose an underlying systemic disease. read more

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Collagen Vascular Disease and Related Cutaneous Emergencies

Collagen vascular diseases are disorders of unknown etiology, with features of autoimmunity, in which the immune system loses the capacity to distinguish self from non-self. This loss of immune tolerance can result in varied and protean clinical manifestations, ranging from mild constitutional symptoms to major organ failure. read more

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Burn and Other Exposure Injuries

Man’s primitive fascination with fire has led to affliction with burn injuries since the dawn of our history. Therapy has evolved from the application of mud and excrement in Egyptian times, to dressings impregnated with pig fat and resin in the Roman era, to the emergence of a relatively modern concept of first aid from the military battlefield. read more

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Skin Manifestations of Abuse

Abuse takes many forms, including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect. The definition of child abuse, by the Center for Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse (USA), is stated as the mental and physical injury, sexual abuse, neglect or mistreatment of individuals under 18 years of age, perpetrated by a caregiver, which indicates... read more

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Bites and Stings

As travel increases and humans continue to expand their presence throughout the world, dermatologists must be familiar with a number of creatures capable of inflicting medically significant injury. This chapter describes those creatures which, when encountered by the unsuspecting human, may result in notable morbidity and mortality. read more

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Laser Treatment for Stretch Marks

“Stretch marks” or striae are perhaps the most challenging aesthetic condition we face as dermatologists. They begin when collagen is damaged from rapid changes in the skin, either expansion (weight or muscle gain) or contraction (weight loss). There are a number of... read more

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Skin Tightening Treatment

Laser skin resurfacing is a rejuvenation treatment aimed at tightening your skin and leaving you looking younger. Our 595nm Candela and carbon dioxide lasers leave the skin feeling smoother by removing age spots, sun damage, and diffuse redness. Uneven pigmentation... read more

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Laser Birthmark Removal

“Birthmarks” come in a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. Red birthmarks are typically port-wine stains that can be treated very effectively in our NYC and Brooklyn locations with the pulse dye laser. This technology emits a frequency of light absorbed by the color red. Rapid heating... read more

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Narrow Band Ultraviolet B (UVB) Treatment

Introducing therapeutic ultraviolet light to New York City (NYC)! Although present in small amounts in natural sunlight, concentrated narrow-band ultraviolet B light (NB-UVB) is an exceptional treatment for psoriasis, eczema, and a number of inflammatory condition... read more

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